In addition to the United Kingdom, foreign users of the Boys included Australia, China, Canada, Malaya, the Philippines, New Zealand and Poland. The Boys Rifle also utilised a padded butt and smaller grip below it, all of which added to the cumbersome weight of the rifle. $0.00. However, the Boys didn’t garner much favour with the troops, mainly due to its weight (weighing 16kg unloaded, it was roughly the same as a Vickers Machine Gun) and because of its frightful recoil. As mentioned above, the Germans had acquired a large amount of Boys rifles from the retreating British forces in France 1940. The prototype was given the name ‘Stanchion’ and it was tested in early 1936, the original .50 BMG modified cartridge being described as having “a disappointing armor-piercing performance”. With a muzzle velocity of 884 m/s, the Boys was able to penetrate up to 23.2mm of armor at 100 yards. This rifle has a unique history as it was originally classified as a "Short Barrel Rifle" by the ATF in 1968. Despite all of these features, the Boys Rifle's recoil was said to be terrific, causing numerous neck strains and bruised shoulders. The occasional stories of Boys being useless against German tanks (often either embellishments or half-truths when against Panzer IIIs and IVs) spread far and wide and created a sense of panic and uselessness that was exacerbated by the general confusion and panic of the French Campaign. It is now registered as a Destructive Device. There is also a famous example of combating this rumor. 300 m (330 yds) A number of Burmese rifles appear to have taken the Boys as inspiration. Developed by Captain H. C. Boys (the Assistant Superintendent of Design) who was a member of the British Small Arms Committee and a designer at the Royal Small Arms Factory Enfield. Soon afterwards it was decided that it would be deployed as a section level weapon. It was a fairly orthodox bolt action design, using a 5-round magazine and a.55 caliber (14mm) projectile at 2640fps. Within popular history culture, it is normally maligned as a useless deadweight upon the infantryman. The other advantage was it was of simple design and didn’t require a lot of maintenance, unlike the original brake, that needed dissembling and oiling when not in use. The vast majority of these were deployed with the Universal Carrier and were seen as a vehicle armament, used for engaging hardpoints and soft-skinned vehicles rather than a dedicated anti-tank weapon (they employed their own anti-tank rifles for that). To combat the recoil caused by the .55 caliber round, the barrel was mounted on a slide, with a muzzle brake and shock absorber fitted to the bipod. Source: acant.org.au In mid-1942, in order to give Airborne forces some hard-hitting firepower, a lighter and shorter version of the Boys was developed. Boys Anti-Tank Rifle: Mk I and Mk I* Improvements April 11, 2019 Ian McCollum 17 These rifles are lots #1087 and #1088 at Morphy’s April 2019 auction: The Boys Anti-Tank Rifle was adopted by the British military in 1937, and remained in production until 1943 when it was replaced by […] Its primary purpose was to incapacitate an armored vehicle so it may be dealt with by more specialised anti-tank weapons or even infantry borne explosives. It wasn’t just the cartridge that went through upgrades but the rifle itself. These were then redistributed to Static units and other lower tier units for defensive and training works. Your email address will not be published. Gun Wiki is a FANDOM Lifestyle Community. It was a rectangular block with the rear-ward slanting gas vents directed horizontally either side. For example it was used against fortified positions, especially during the closing stages of the Desert Campaign and the Dieppe Raid. As an Anti-Materiel Rifle, the Boys is one of the only primary weapons capable of damaging vehicles including tanks, but is subject to the same limitations as Medium Machine Guns in that the sights cannot be used when not set up on the Bipod. Search for: Product categories. In Finland it was issued as the 14 mm pst kiv/37. It was this weight that meant it needed to be in a prepared position and thus didn’t suit the more mobile, fluid nature of the modern battlefield. By 1940, the team developed a tungsten-cored bullet which achieved a muzzle velocity of 990.6 m/s (3,250 ft/sec), which outclassed the original bullet, which fired at a muzzle velocity of 747 m/s (2,450 ft/sec). As it was designated ‘Anti-Tank’, the common soldier and officer alike expected it to perform in a similar fashion to a 2 pounder, that is, destroying a tank. Enlarge Image. An American propaganda poster showing a British ‘Tommy’ with a Boys slung over his shoulder. Source: Wikimedia A British soldier on Salisbury Plain, 1939. The Rifle, Anti-Tank, .55in, Boys commonly known as the "Boys Anti-tank Rifle" was a British anti-tank rifle. Notable users However, this had the negative effect of increased report and recoil, also less penetration. 5-round detachable box magazine The Boys Rifle was designed to use a .55 inch diameter bullet, designed for penetration against armoured vehicles. The Boys Anti-Tank Rifle was intended to be the standard infantry anti-tank weapon of the British Army, only to be overtaken by the PIAT. The Commonwealth and British forces posted to defend British territory in Japan claimed to have destroyed several tanks (1/14th Punjabis) and was successful in punching holes in walls during the battle of Singapore (1st Cambridgeshire Regiment) although there are no Japanese accounts to justify these claims. Due to the constant upgrading of Axis tanks in face of more superior and widespread Allied anti-tank weaponry (especially those for the infantryman like the Bazooka and PIAT), the Boys was left behind. Production ended the picture showing the Boys gun in Israeli service is obviously a montage. It was also given to the reformed armies of the Governments in Exile, like Poland, to give them some form of anti-tank protection. MASSIVE 0.55 CALIBRE. You’re right! Henry C. Boys in 1936 and produced from 1937 to 1940 by RSAF Enfield, Birmingham Small Arms and John Inglis and Company. War Office, Boys Anti Tank Rifle Mark I, Aldershot Gale and Polden Limited, 1944 Very few were produced and the project was canceled in 1943 when the Boys was declared obsolete. + Update your shipping location 7 S 0 P O N S O A R P A 7 E E D-1-1 U J-1 0 F J-1-1. As far as we are aware it is not a montage photo. The Rifle, Anti-Tank,.55in, Boys, often named the Boys anti-tank rifle, was a British bolt-action anti-tank rifle designed by Capt. The Boys Anti-Tank Rifle was part of Britain’s interwar development of weapons designed to take on tanks. Neall knocked out three Italian tanks with his Boyes anti-tank rifle, a feat that astounded everyone —the Boyes rifle was noted for its uselessness.” Length However, this was the lowest penetration compared to its contemporaries. It was during the production here that the engineer team took it upon themselves to make some modifications. There is also conflicting evidence that it was squeeze-bore, using a necked down .55 calibre case for a .303 calibre armor piercing bullet. It also didn’t help that most of the ranges within the UK were not capable of handling the Boys and so training with it was limited. A German-produced pamphlet on the Boys Given the official designation 14mm pst kiv/37 (Panssarintorjuntakivääri) it was issued at a rate of 4 guns per company and were used throughout the Finnish forces until being replaced by the Lahti L-39. The Rifle, Anti-Tank, .55in, Boys commonly known as the "Boys Anti-tank Rifle" (or incorrectly "Boyes"), was a British anti-tank rifle in use during World War II. While the artillery got the 2 pounder, a cheaper, lighter alternative was needed for the Infantry to help deal with tanks and other armored vehicles. Rifle includes 49 rounds of the original .55 cal ammunition. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Many were mounted on the Universal Carrier in a primitive form of tank destroyer (despite regulations stating that all weapons should be dismounted from the Carrier before use). Other name(s) Besides these three official models of the Boys, there were also experiments and other modifications taken. It has been theorized that it came about as a result of US Army testing with the Solothurn S 18-1000. https://www.rifleman.org.uk/Enfield_Boys_Anti-Tank_Rifle.html Some of these fell into the hands of the Communist Chinese forces in the ensuing Chinese Civil War, but it is unclear if they were used. During the British Campaigns of 1940, it was effective against the Panzer Is and IIs, as well as all the lightly armored half-tracks and scout cars used by the German forces. The barrel and receiver are free to recoil approximately 1" against a large buffer spring. Due to the outbreak of war, the need for the Boys AT rifle was increased and soon the Canadian company, John Inglis and Company, was producing the Boys (alongside the many other weapons it was producing for the Commonwealth war effort). Despite the overwhelming odds, the dogged defence of the Finns had stalled the Soviet advance and allowed for military aid to reach the frontlines. 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