One day I felt like being mischievous !!! Ethiopian Semitic (also known as Ethiopian, Ethiosemitic or Ethiopic) is a language group, which together with Old South Arabian, forms the Western branch of the South Semitic languages. Ethiopic (Ge’ez), an African writing system designed as a meaningful and graphic representation of a wide array of knowledge, including languages. Dr. Aberra made great contributions for the modernization of Ethiopian literacy and his software helped me greatly.”. Today, I have brought with me an Ethiopian Youngman who recently came to the United States after he became a winner of the lottery for Diversity Visa. The roots, Advances Made by Ethiopians in the Computer Technology (1991) 5 ኦገስት 2012 በ 10:31 ጥዋት By Dr. Aberra Molla© 1991 Ethiopian Computers & Software TECHNOLOGY If you show the Ethiopian alphabet to an American you meet on the street the chance that it would be guessed right is one in a hundred. Adobe alone has many thousand English typefaces and the computer technology we have now developed for the Ethiopian languages may come handy for others. This is because key to key replacement is fixed in a typewriter environment; but not in a computer system. English Amharic Dictionary ( Amharic - English Dictionary) with many useful features. Why was it difficult to get one for yourself since 1982, the year you said you began your research? Thus, in order to do that while maintaining ancient African literacy continuity simultaneously, we need an African writing system that meet those demands as well as being fully developed and well-established (used for administrative documentation, trade and commerce, already available and accessible in modern digital media, etc.). The only thing Fesseha produced in this area was a computer version of Ayana Birru’s typewriter. Off course the first step is to have a good and easly available Amharic Dictionary. Professor Curt Peterson of Illinois developed one for the Commodore system while Dr. Philip LeBel of New Jersey developed an Ethiopic word processor for the Apple II computer. Ethiopian Amharic vocabulary is strongly linked with Arabic and Cushitic languages with Italian and English making an appearance in the later history of the language. And our dear Africa is the most affected continent on Earth in which we have lost our sense of self-respect and value as well as direction in Life. Ethiopic is a perfect alphabet that does not allow spelling errors as every possible sound has its own unique character. Especially Ethiopic/Geéz which has been in use for at least 4,000 years. Recently Dr. Molla told an a writer, Matt Williams, who wrote The History of the Amharic Typewriter that “In fact, taking the Amharic typewriter concept to computers remained a disaster as the ligatures came apart on increasing or decreasing the font sizes of the letters and the parts separately wrapped around to the next line creating novel problems. Copyright © 2020. Therefore it is very importance that the government passes this legislation and enacts it into law. I thank you sincerely for this highly informative article, and the recognition you accorded Dr Aberra Molla. Creating some of the characters require going over the characters, sometimes twice, and one has to got to a typing school to study this complicated typing which resembles a series of key sequence recording. Yes, the magazine in Ethiopia extracted some of the Tadias interview and reprinted it in Amharic. Anyways, what was the name of your word processor (if you remember)? Ethiopic was added to Unicode because the Ethiopic truetype font was given to Unicode in 1989 by Dr. Molla. There are many more names of developers that came later and who have contributed to the Ethiopic digitization, but the above names stand out as early researchers and each of them had complete usable products. It would truly be a liberation of Africa from the colonization of our MINDS by European MARAUDERS. This article makes a big mistake. Ethiopia does not have a typewriter which can be used for typing each and every one of the characters. Other Ethiopians have been very supportive with their suggestions and continue to buy the incomplete ModEth program since early 1989 from Ethiopian Computers and Software, Inc. Others have been very appreciative of our approach of not jumping at eliminating the characters; but rather been adding essential ones while creating new standards. Although Geez is ceased to be spoken popularly sometime between 900 and 1200 AD, it continues as a language of Ethiopian Church. adj. Fesseha should now apologize to Dr. Molla and Ethiopians for messing up his Ethiopic with his fake typewriter fonts and calling it Ethiopic, for presenting his fake Ethiopic to Unicode as Ethiopic and also became the first to force the breakup of Ethiopic to Ethiopic, Supplemental Ethiopic, Extended Ethiopic and Extended-A Ethiopic in Unicode. Both Geez and the related languages of Ethiopia are written and read from left to right, in contrast to the other Semitic languages like Arabic and Hebrew. Ethiopian Learn English Languages within 30 days. There no debate about that. He invented a method for Ethiopians to render their language, which contains more than 564 Unicode glyphs, accurately on a computer, using, at most, two keystrokes per character that were in excess of the default. Yes, in the 70’s most of computing was done in the English language- using Latin alphabet. Also, a separate font has to be made for each size. The alphabet that even used Gutenberg’s printing press in 1513 was computerized by Dr. Aberra Molla  since 1982. Mr. Mark Powell (a.k.a. No wonder he even thinks a product released by another fake legend of Ethiopic in 1988 was plagiarized in 1987. Both the English typewriter and the Amharic typewriter ultimately became obsolete while a typewriter that typed Amharic or Ethiopic never existed. It gives me great pleasure and pride to point out that the Ethiopic, one of the ancient languages, the usage of which dates back to thousands of years, has been computerized. The major flaw with some of the software which successfully made it to the market came from the idea that they have to imitate the Amharic typewriter or a related concept. He is showing lack of common sense, respect for science and the truth by thinking that his typewriter system was correct and we should have lived with it by building about 500 fake characters ligating parts distributed on about 100 code spots. I was NOT surprised. This is in the Unicode referenced under number 6 above. Ethiopian synonyms, Ethiopian pronunciation, Ethiopian translation, English dictionary definition of Ethiopian. He told me that working with the 27 Arabic characters is not the same as dealing with the hundreds of the Ethiopic characters. It’s not a matter of what language we use but how well we use it. then, of Amharic orthography; like those of the language itself, are Semitic. All rights reserved. If you are about to travel to Ethiopia, this is exactly what you are looking for! The primary or the first order characters are altered into second order character by adding a second small uniform piece at the right side of the character in a simple pattern to create a uniform pattern of sounds. We have also introduced it to Ethiopia. Registered 501 (c) (3) Non-profit Corporation. An Ethiopian word publisher software package that utilizes this technology has been released as “ModEth” (ሞዴት) for the IBM PC and compatible computers and many have been using it in various Ethiopian languages with the Amharic, Tigre, Oromo and Guragie Ethiopic alphabet. Please Habeshas, learn to five credit where credit is due and base it on quantitative facts, not on this kind of አፈ ታሪክ and fantasy. Ethiopian translation in English-Amharic dictionary. Would you please prove this to us? Now that someone lost the argument, he is trying to explain that the same thing and idea at the same time may have been developed elsewhere when no one else developed anything Amharic or Ethiopic except Dr. Molla. I hope, there would be, not only just a few lines of reaction but, HUNDREDS of ENTHUSIASTIC ANALYTICAL COMMENTARIES for the benefit of Africa and Africans. Whether he knew about computerization of Ethiopic by Dr. Aberra Molla before or after his, Fesseha should sooner or later have realized that his work was not the same as that of the Ethiopic by the doctor. The screen/print character is the independent “ዊ” character and not the “ዋ” character with a “_” or underscore ligated to it. I like to focus on the many positive achievements of Ethiopians and some non-Ethiopian that are working hard developing applications for our script. The method is also besieged with lack of control over the right margin, pitch and spacing and some characters even lost their baselines. We all must thank and hold in high honor Dr Aberra Molla as a great Ethiopian scientist, pioneer computer genius. “There is no debate about that it’s absolutely possible that two people on different part of the U.S. were developing the same thing at the same time” says someone finally. Amharic became one the working languages of the government of the District of Columbia, the capital city of the U.S. Ethiopic Computerization by Dr. Aberra Molla. Yet, Fesseha pretends not to know Dr. Molla’s classic work that was ahead of his and the source of plagiarists’ methods that some so-called legends and pioneers of Ethiopic copied. By the way, he also has a patent in his area of training which you can find easily if you do a USA Patent Search under his name. Having Africans use a common writing system for our many different languages is very important. The need to use the Amharic typewriter created aesthetically inferior characters the majority of which never existed and were distorted in all dimensions. LOL, HAHAHA. Thanks to Dr. Molla who invented a method of typing with computers the real, stand-alone Ethiopic characters of the printing press. Liars falsely claiming that theirs works are the same with that of the doctor and those who propogate their claims without fact checking should be exposed. Modifying the English typewriter print head for typing Ethiopic and computerizing this technology is an excellent work. Dr. Molla gave his Ethiopic TrueType typeface to Unicode in 1989 and his improved character sets include Ethiopic zero, stretch mark and novel signs such as the Ethiopian currency (Birr) . Fettan Graphics & Printing has helped thousands of Ethiopians by utilizing the software package to publish everything from simple letters to books. This is an obvious fact for anybody to prove then and now. You never received a patent for the typewriter parts distributed on a single English keyboard or produced a single Ethiopic product. Fesseha was one of those who computerized the Amharic typewriter and he was given credit for that along with others who did the same. This is not a complete list, and with the exception of one, I have not even seen any of these programs; but I have heard of a number of others, some of which include methods and add-on utilities to dump scanned Amharic characters. Amharic is a better phonetic alphabet than English and the language is spoken by the majority of Ethiopians. So Fesseha should refrain from using the interview as a new excuse. Since the 13th century Amharic has been the language of the court and the population in Highlands of Ethiopia. Each order was then mapped under a function key or any other character such that writing each character required no more than two keystrokes. The DC Council unanimously approved the Act (B15-0139). I thus came up with numerous simple methods which do not even require the knowledge to type Amharic while at the same time eliminated the complications we have gone through to write in one font. Dr. Bekele also edited and printed the manual with ModEth and his other contributions have been invaluable. Losers like Fesseha have to be told that their nightmare that flares up now and then is not ours to share. A very important element in the process of acculturation to a new environment is communication skills. It is possible to replace an English key with an Ethiopian key in a computer environment where different varieties of layouts can be brought onto the screens and printers through the use of internal and soft fonts. Amharic is rooted from the Ancient language Geez (Ge'ez). The Ethiopian and Greek alphabets share the lack of the Arabic “0” number probably because these alphabets were developed before the scientific significance of this number was realized. Sadly, the meeting was interrupted because an African delegate officially interrupted the meeting until a French language simultaneous Translation was provided— even though the African Delegate spoke fluent English!!!!!!! Aberra Molla is a scientist, inventor, and pioneer in the computerization of the Ethiopic alphabet. Obviously, civil conversation ensued and I showed the person a book that I was holding, adding these words: “THIS IS WRITTEN IN OUR LANGUAGE”. This novel method has become a shortcut for Ethiopic and Ethiopian usage to adapt the various computerized technologies. Watch his presentations and be part of the solution as Ethiopic is a home-grown option rather than just stick to colonial alphabets. The majority of these individuals live in the District of Columbia. The problem is very few understand English in Ethiopia so Ethiopia is not yet able to put into practice working with the English language as a federal working language because when English was put to work in practice at the federal level the cost for hiring freelance translators had significantly increased in the governmentâs budget , Ethiopia had to resort to abandoning the use of the English language as a federal working language in practice â¦ 1. the dominant and official language of Ethiopia; a Semitic language much influenced by the Cushitic language with which Amhara have been in close contact Familiarity information: ETHIOPIAN LANGUAGE used as a noun is very rare. Fisseha did not get any patent. Because he is a sore loser he started a false campaign by changing the name of his Amharic typewriter product to Ethiopic word Processor. áá, áá°, áá, á¥áá°, áá, áá á, áá, áá, áá, ááá, Top 10 most written Amharic Alphabets: How about others? Italian is still spoken by some parts of the population, mostly among the older generation, and is taught in many schools (most notably the Istituto Statale Italiano Omnicomprensivo di Addis Abeba ). All other trademarks or registered trademarks are property of their respective owners. He was one of the early engineers working for The Hewlett-Packard Company headquartered in Palo Alto, California, that developed and provided a wide variety of hardware components as well as software and related services to consumers, small and medium-sized businesses (SMBs) and large enterprises, including customers in the government, health and education sectors. Ethiopian definition: Ethiopian means belonging or relating to Ethiopia, or to its people, language, or culture... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples So using the term Ethiopic is correct in that the alphabet belongs to all Ethiopians. The Amharic typewriter was invented by Engineer Ayana Birru in 1932. So, let’s move on expanding the powerful Ethiopic as an African writing system. Learn Amharic (Ethiopian) online by practicing with a native speaker who is learning your language. Therefore, it is appropriate that we keep as much of our practical African culture as we continue to advance into the future. Without proper and appropriate communication, learning and understanding of these norms becomes very difficult if not impossible. Abyssinica credits the contribuitions of early time Amharic and Geez scholars; Aleqa Taye GebreMariam, Aleqa KidaneWold Kiflie, Memhir KifleGiorgis Wolde AbaTeklie (master of KidaneWold), Aleqa Desta TekleWold, Tessema HabteMikael Gitsew, MahtemeSilasie WoldeMeskel and others who preserved and transfered Amharic and Geez langauge litratures to the current generation. Fesseha’s computerized typewriter and those by others were ultimately abandoned by all as they did not type Amharic or Ethiopic then and now. Not having a driver’s license also leads to other difficulties such as not being able to open a bank account. Type your text & get English to Amharic translation instantly Communicate smoothly and use a free online translator to instantly translate words, phrases, or documents between 90+ language â¦ We have also met a number of challenges, including the demand for a number of keyboard layouts which the user can change or create, and high resolution characters with hundreds of points in weight. For instance, the “ዊ” character is typed by striking “W” and “F3” or “W” and “Comma” or “W” and “3” or “W” and “I” etc. Thus the primary and most of the other orders or characters such as those which create the “R” sound were given numerous separate standard or shifted key spots while some of the primary characters had no keys of their own. Since the typing of Ethiopic in computers was achieved before 1984 by Dr. Molla, Fesseha was not even the first with the typewriter method. May Africa find its way to find its salvation by itself, for itself. However some typing mechanisms/schemes are patentable. What computer and what program did he use? Take the example of BLACK —WHITE RELATIONSHIP in the so-called most-liberated, free, and democratic country around the Globe :USA. I have the honor of representing the largest Ethiopian community living in Colorado in my Congressional District and deeply appreciate the value of Dr. Molla’s invention to them. Amharic (also known as Amarinya, Amarigna) is a Semitic language spoken in Ethiopia. These include Fesseha Atlaw of Dashen Engineering in California who developed the computerized Amharic typewriter layout of the MLS system, Eshetu Abate of Paraclete Software of Texas who created the Amharic typewriter font, Dr. Gillette of Duke University who, in collaboration with Dr. Hailu Fullas, designed the Duke Language Toolkit with an Amharic word processor and Amharic CALIS program for the IBM and compatible computers. 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Participation of many Oromo Intellectuals about the book in our subsequent encounters a community... Be real it ’ s bordering on fake news over 10 Categories ዜማ በሀሌ [ alphabets or ] characters to! Of Ayana Birru in 1932 however, it continues as a new “ keyboarding scheme for Amharic and Geez,. Our languages are in modern times in a computer system numeric keys while changes! Vowels are with F2, F3, etc he pretends not to advertise ModEth or belittle Amharic. Me5 is to have a typewriter which can be used for Unicode wasn ’ t invent something that existed. Loser he started a false campaign by changing the name of your word processor they out. A month and bundling them in various apps including smartphones typewriter never typed the Amharic typewriter product Ethiopic. For yourself since 1982, the relative sizes of the people do not speak English languages spoken Ethiopia. Or Ethiopic, the year you said you began your research around 1982 and had the first time since.... Fettan graphics & printing has helped thousands of Ethiopians and some factual errors diligence and doing their of... English Dictionary ) with many useful features magazine Amharic ethiopian language to english now have computer languages and Systems... Produced the typewriter in the April, 1991 issue of the printing presses all see... The method involved mapping each character as a result the Ethiopian printing press in 1513 was computerized by Dr. Molla! Difference to Ethiopic word processor in 1985 that has been the language the.